Posted on Thursday, November 27, 2014
Just a simple mosquito bite can infect a person with malaria. Malaria is caused is when a female Anopheles mosquito carrying the malarial parasite bites a person and injects it into the blood stream.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a child dies of malaria every minute; every year, 3.4 billion people are at risk of malaria and an estimated 627,000 die because of the disease.
Malaria is caused by parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. There are more than 100 species of malaria causing mosquitoes and the most deadly parasite, plasmodium falciparum, is found in South Africa. Once the parasite gains access to the human body, it hosts itself in the liver where it multiplies 1000s of times. After two weeks, the parasite bursts into the blood stream and starts infecting the red blood cells.
The common symptoms of malaria are high fever, chills and headache. If Malaria is detected early, severe illness and death can be avoided.
The symptoms appear 10-15 days after the infected mosquito bite. If medication is not given on time, the infected person could suffer from brain damage, loss of muscle function and even death.
Malaria can pose a significant threat to many families who cannot afford the treatment. Malaria can be cured, provided the diagnosis is early and treatment, prompt. This is the only way death by malaria can be prevented.
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